Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kishanganj
Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur

OFFICE, DISTRICT AGRICULTURE OFFICER, KISHAGANJ
Agro climatic condition of Kishanganj district

Kishanganj
i)   District geographical Data

Sl. No.

Physical Feature

Measurement

1.

Longitude

87007’ to 88019

2.

Latitude

25007’ to 26030

3.

Height from sea level

52.70 mtr.

4.

Average Rainfall

2269.49 mm

5.

Geographical Area

188682.34 ha

6.

Cultivable Area

147469.90 ha

7.

Net area sown

122892.63 ha

8.

Cultivable waste land

1819.92 ha

9.

Current Fallow

5199.00 ha

10.

Forest area

274.48 ha

11.

Area under misc. fruits

4967.00 ha

12.

Non-cultivable land

11386.0 ha

13

i)                    Canal

642.63 ha

 

ii)                  Minor Irrigation

75.70 ha

 

iii)                Lift Irrigation

10.20 ha

 

iv)                Tube well

27305.00 ha

 

v)                  Other Sources

5755.00 ha

14.

No. of Subdivisions

01

15.

No. of Blocks

07

16.

No. of Panchayats

126

17.

No. of Villages

773

 

ii)   General Features of the District

Sl. No.

Name of the Block

Geographical Area

No. of Gram Panchayats

No. of Villages

1.       

Kishanganj

14981.44

10

72

2.       

Bahadurganj

27168.58

20

106

3.       

Dighalbank

25235.48

16

81

4.       

Kochadhaman

28357.83

24

150

5.       

Thakurganj

38782.63

22

133

6.       

Pothiya

35033.44

22

149

7.       

Terdhaganchh

19122.94

12

82

Total

1,88,682.34

126

773

 

iii)   Block wise Land Utilization Figures of the District

Sl. No.

Block

Geographical Area

Cultivable Area

Cultivated Area

Cultivable Wasteland

Current Follow

Forest

Land put Under misc. Plantation

1.       

Kishanganj

14981.44

17665.85

10188.43

340.54

588.06

2.00

-

2.       

Bahadurganj

27168.58

29360.46

21963.38

164.49

410.07

-

86.05

3.       

Dighalbank

25235.48

22420.16

17419.27

468.50

362.04

-

130.06

4.       

Kochadhaman

28357.83

16957.13

16906.37

116.87

378.11

187.42

144.12

5.       

Thakurganj

38782.63

23671.77

21071.92

274.06

1802.13

43.84

106.10

6.       

Pothiya

35033.44

24744.86

24639.74

150.84

290.89

-

66.91

7.       

Terdhaganchh

19122.94

12649.67

10703.52

304.62

1367.70

41.22

304.62

Total

1,88,682.34

147469.90

122892.63

1819.92

5199.00

274.48

837.86

 

iv)   Major Crops Grown in the District

Sl. No.

Major Crop

1 Paddy
2 Wheat
3 Jute
4 Pineapple
5 Tea Plantation

v)   Principal Crops Grown in the district

Sl. No.

Name of Crops

Kharif

Rabbi

Summer

1.

Cereals

86500

56000

4000

2.

Pulses

1200

1300

-

3.

Oil Seed

700

3000

-

4.

Vegetable

408

810

507

5.

Spices

228

102

50

6.

Other Crops

37500

300

2700

 


vi)   Area, Production and productivity of different crops in the district

   a.  Agriculture

Sl. No.

Name of Crops

Total Area

(000’ ha.)

Total Production

(000’ T.)

Productivity

(Qtl/ha.)

1.

Paddy

113000

497200

44.00

2.

Kharif Maize

2000

4000

20.00

3.

Kharif Pulses (Arhar, Urad)

1000

1000

10.00

4.

Wheat

25000

66825

26.73

5.

Winter Maize

4000

22000

55.00

6.

Rabi Pulses (Gram, Masoor, Pea etc)

1300

1300

10.00

 


   b.  Horticulture Crops

Sl. No.

Major Crop

1 Total Vegetables         -          1725 ha.
2 Total Fruit         -          1092 ha.



vii)      Rice Varieties Grown :- Rajendra Mansoori, Swarna Sab – 1
viii)     Any ruling cultivar of Rice :- Swarna Sab – 1
ix)      Rice cultivar supplied on subsidiaries rate :- Rajendra Mansoori, Swarna Sab – 1
x)       Prospect of Hybrid rice :- Better
xi)      Land races (Local Cultivars) grown by farmer :- Kanakjeera, Khudibini & Jaswa
xii)     Two other major crops :- Jute, Pineapple
xiii)    Your opinion about quality seed production of rice by farmers (challenges & opportunities) :- Low productivity, high cost of cultivation and lack of regular supervision.


It is possible to produce quality seed by teaching and demonstration on farmer’s land. By this farmer will get own quality seed which will enable the farmers to get more price.